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There are about 200 different musculoskeletal conditions that affect the muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones, and joints. Examples include simple muscle strains and broken bones to wear and tear osteoarthritis and back pain, and on to more serious conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), tendonitis, Behçet’s syndrome (rare), systemic lupus erythematosus, gout (and other crystal-induced arthritides), carpal tunnel syndrome, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), joint hypermobility, osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), fibromyalgia, polymyositis and psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms range from mild discomfort to debilitating pain. Arthritis, in more than 100 subtypes, is amongst the most common musculoskeletal conditions, causing inflammation, pain and varying levels of immobility/disability.
The professional version of the Merck Manual provides quite detailed information about Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders suitable for medical students.